Your body’s central nervous system is comprised of your brain, cranial nerves, spinal cord, autonomic nervous system, muscles, peripheral nerves, and nerve roots. Neurological conditions are medical conditions affecting any part of your central nervous system.
Treating neurological conditions can be costly and complex. Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) can be challenging to treat because of the possibility of causing paralysis. The human brain is shielded by a barrier, preventing medication from reaching a patient’s brain. Learning about neurological conditions affecting yourself or a loved one can help you manage your condition and provide information about available treatment options.
Alzheimer’s disease is also known as senile dementia. There are currently six million people in the United States with Alzheimer’s, which is expected to rise to 13 million by 2050.
Alzheimer’s destroys brain cells, causing memory loss. Over time, people with Alzheimer’s lose the ability to function independently and perform many routine tasks.
The Alzheimer’s Research Foundation is committed to finding a cure for Alzheimer’s disease and helping people with Alzheimer’s secure the resources they need to manage their condition. As the disease progresses, people need caregivers to help them dress and bathe. Many families try to provide care themselves, but this can be stressful and demanding, particularly if family members need to work. The Alzheimer’s Research Center resource locator helps people find insurance companies, medical clinics, and skilled nursing facilities in their area. They also have a contact form on their website, enabling people to ask experts questions about Alzheimer’s. Their experts publish responses on the website, enabling you to learn about important issues, such as how the disease affects a person’s behavior.
There’s no cure for Alzheimer’s. Patients with Alzheimer’s may take medication to slow the progression of the disease. Management strategies, such as creating simple routines, can help some patients.
There are multiple types of seizures, including tonic seizures, focal seizures, absence seizures, atonic seizures, tonic-clonic seizures, and febrile seizures. Seizures occur when there’s unregulated electrical activity between a person’s brain cells. Seizures can be caused by epilepsy, brain injuries, or medical conditions, such as low blood sugar or high fevers. Some kinds of seizures may cause convulsions or loss of consciousness, while people remain alert during focal onset awareness seizures and interact with others.
Medication is the most common seizure treatment used. Some people may have surgery to remove a small part of their brain. An electrical implant can also be used to regulate seizure activity.
Brain tumors include cancerous and non-cancerous growths. These tumors can cause headaches, blurred vision, balance issues, and seizures. Individuals may discover they have a brain tumor if they’re struggling with fatigue or having trouble walking. Brain tumors can also cause vomiting and confusion and impair a person’s speech. Mutated DNA causes most brain tumors.
Treatments vary based on the type of tumor. Some individuals may receive chemotherapy treatment. Some patients have surgery to remove their tumor or have surgery followed by radiation and chemotherapy.
When a person has multiple sclerosis (MS), their immune system attacks their central nervous system. Nerve cells in the spine and brain are damaged over time. Symptoms of MS include fatigue, loss of vision, and lack of coordination.
MS is treated with medication that suppresses the immune system. People with MS may also use physical therapy to retain their muscle strength and coordination.
Spinal Cord Injuries
People can receive spinal cord injuries during birth or in accidents. Falls and car accidents are two of the primary causes of acute spinal cord injuries. Treatments for spinal cord injuries vary based on the nature of the injury. Some people may need surgery, while others may use assistive devices and rehabilitation therapy to manage or improve their condition.
Neurological conditions affect the central nervous system. Common neurological conditions include Alzheimer’s disease, seizures, brain tumors, and spinal cord injuries.