Living in a busy city, do you want to experience the fun of growing vegetables by yourself? Today, I will bring you home hydroponic vegetable planting teaching, hoping to help the guys who want to experience the fun of growing vegetables at home.
Hydroponics is a kind of soilless culture, which is classified into non-substrate cultivation. Substrate-free cultivation refers to the environment where plant roots grow without substrate to fix the root system. The root system grows in nutrient solution or moist air containing nutrient solution, but when raising seedlings Some matrices may be used.
Now I will introduce a pipeline hydroponic planting system. Pipeline planting is also the most common type of household hydroponic vegetable planting. This kind of hydroponic planting is easy to install, and it has a small area and high planting efficiency. It is home hydroponic planting. And the first choice for greenhouse planting, pipeline hydroponics adopts the connection type, which can be connected layer by layer to achieve the advantages of small area and high planting efficiency.
So what should we do next after choosing the planting rack? First of all, seedlings are needed. Seedlings need seedling growers and grow lights suitable for growing seedlings . All are indispensable. If you are a novice, then it is recommended to go to the market to purchase. After purchasing, wrap the vegetable seedlings with a sponge on the root part, and then put them into a customized basket. , Be careful not to break the root system. After placing the vegetable seedlings in a planting basket, put the vegetable seedlings into the pipe planting trough.
The next step is to add nutrient solution. The preparation of nutrient solution is the core technology for the normal growth of hydroponic vegetables. It is also the foundation and key of soilless cultivation. According to the nutrient requirements of plant growth, a solution prepared by dissolving a certain amount of fertilizer in water in an appropriate proportion is called nutrient solution. The success of hydroponics depends largely on whether the nutrient solution formula, concentration, ratio of various nutrient elements, pH, and liquid temperature are appropriate, and whether the nutrient solution management during plant growth can meet the requirements of different growth stages. Claim. Only by adopting the correct formula, formulating and managing the nutrient solution according to the appropriate method, so that the plant is in the most suitable nutrient solution environment at any stage of growth and development, can the plant use more energy for growth, flowering, and fruiting. To obtain fast, high-yield, and high-quality cultivation results, it is recommended to ask the merchant when buying the nutrient solution which vegetable is used. The nutrient solution for different vegetable configurations is also different.
During hydroponic planting, it is necessary to manage the adjustment of the nutrient solution supply time and the number of times. The supply time and frequency of the nutrient solution are mainly determined by the cultivation form, vegetable growth state, and environmental conditions. In the cultivation process, the liquid should be supplied at the right time to ensure sufficient nutrient supply. Liquid supply time is generally selected during the day, no liquid or less liquid at night. Liquid supply is more frequent on sunny days, less liquid on cloudy and rainy days; more when the temperature is high and the light is strong, and vice versa. Under normal circumstances, supply the liquid 2-4 times a day, each time within 30 minutes. This can be adjusted in time with the time controller.
The nutrient solution should be replaced in due course after using it for a period of time. Because the nutrient solution will gradually accumulate too much material that hinders plant growth during use, the nutrition is not balanced, and the germs multiply, which will hinder the growth of the root system and even lead to the death of the plant. Generally, for vegetables with a short growth cycle, the nutrient solution is replaced every crop. For fruits and vegetables, replace the nutrient solution every 1-2 months.