Anyone getting into vaping will typically pre-occupy themselves on two things in particular: 1.
their hardware and 2. the e-liquid; in particular, the flavours and levels of nicotine in the case of
the latter.
After a few months’ vaping experience, attention shifts to more specific details such as the
impact of variable wattage and voltage, and some users might even scale up to higher
performance devices like mods.
In the case of e-liquids, one often ignored consideration by beginners (and even some
experienced vapers) is the “base” of the e-juice – vegetable glycerine (VG), propylene glycol
(PG), or a mixture of the two.
That is a mistake because selecting the proper PG/VG blend is central to your vaping experience
in terms of flavour, throat hit and cloud production.
This guide is to illustrate the possibilities – and why they matter a big deal.

Characteristics of PG and VG
An e-liquid’s base plays two major roles. It “carries” the other ingredients in the vape juice, and
also has a huge bearing on the flavour, vapour produced, and throat hit.
Unless you are one of those who preoccupy themselves with the terms and conditions section,
the boring details about these two ingredients aren’t compulsory for most vapers to read
through. Both bases are largely deemed safe and commonly used in an array of consumable
The one major health caveat to be aware of is the fact that a small number of people are
allergic to propylene glycol, and interaction with it could spark symptoms such as stomach
upsets, rashes and hives.
PG may also cause throat irritation in some individuals, and the reasons for this will become
apparent in a jiffy.
In such instances, the option for these users is to switch to a VG juice.
PG and VG both have their distinct characteristics which have a direct effect on the vaping
experience – and a major one at that:

Propylene Glycol
PG is a synthetic non-toxic liquid which is runny (thin) in nature with no natural flavour, an
element that makes it a great carrier of flavours present in an e-liquid. Due to its non-natural
ingredients, it also boasts a longer shelf life.
PG packs a strong punch (throat hit) and this is largely why you may experience some throat
irritation if it is concentrated.
It has a higher temperature resistance, meaning it requires a higher voltage in order to create
clouds. Therefore, with PG, there is less vapour being inhaled, and consecutively, thinner clouds
being exhaled. And if the voltage isn’t regulated properly, there is the possibility of a burnt

Vegetable Glycerine
VG is a natural substance which is thicker and harbours a naturally sweet flavour. Due to its
organic nature, it has a shorter shelf life.
When used as a base for e-juice, VG creates thicker and denser vapour, although it has less of a
throat hit compared to PG.
This makes it a smoother vape on the inhale, with huge clouds on the exhale.

Common PG/VG Ratios and Ideal Uses
A mix of the two does more than simply bring out the best of both worlds.
What you will realise over time is that different PG/VG ratios work best for different families of
flavours, not to mention the type of device.
You will also discover that juice high in VG blended with several flavours takes more time to
steep. As well, you will find that a lot of “interesting” flavours and most high-nicotine
concentrates are not available in a VG-based e-liquid.
This all has to do with the inherent properties.
As far as the e-liquid ratios go, here are the possibilities available to you:

100% VG: (Max VG): 100% VG is most ideal in two situations – competitive cloud chasing or for
people allergic to PG. There’s virtually zero throat hit, and the sweet VG obviously alters the
flavour while also posing a device maintenance issue since it gums on coils, wicks and other
equipment components.

80% VG/20% PG: (80/20): Also has little throat hit but guarantees voluminous clouds. It is at
this level that the sweetness of VG begins to noticeably affect flavours. It is also the point
where high VG content can start becoming a concern with regard to gunk build-up on your
wicks and coils.

70% VG/30% PG: (70/30): If you are interested in large clouds but still fancy a little throat hit,
this is the level to go for. It is smooth on the inhale without overpowering and big plumes on
the exhale. This is the spot that most users find offers them the best of both worlds.

60% VG/40% PG (60/40): Another popular ratio, this mixture provides a perfect balance
between large clouds and flavour saturation.

50% VG/50% PG: (50/50): This blend has a perceptible, but not harsh, throat hit, along with
quality exhales. It used to be the industry standard before it was overtaken by 70/30. A perfect
level to start with.

20% VG/80% PG: (20/80): This ratio has an increased throat hit with just a whiff of clouds.
Common with users who used to be heavy smokers or anyone who fancies a good nicotine hit
with a little VG to balance it out.

100% PG: (Max PG): Used to be quite popular some time back, but now not so much. This
flavour ratio is not for everyone. It has the strongest throat hit which can be too sharp for most
people. The amount of vapour produced is also noticeably meagre.

And there you have it.

Again, if you are just starting out and want to try out the different combinations, the best
place to start is the 50/50 baseline or 70VG/30PG. Then move on from there.

Cannabidiol is one of the many components found in marijuana alongside the infamous THC, the psychoactive ingredient of marijuana. CBD stands for cannabidiol, and THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. As you’ll discover if you read some of the articles on, cannabidiol has been used in the past to treat anxiety and relieve pain in patients suffering from different ailments. However, the most common method of its ingestion is through smoking. People are constantly shifting from this method since it can lead to respiratory diseases such as congestion, and asthmatics prefer to take CBD through edibles. Edibles are any desserts, meals, or food additives that are infused with components of marijuana, the kind of products you’d be able to find using online suppliers such as Area 52 and the many others available. Edibles serve as an alternative means of consuming CBD or THC. So, this begs the question, are CBD edibles the future?

Here are some reasons that may answer the question adequately.

If you’re not choking, you aren’t smoking
The stoner community has come up with various sayings that have become slogans for cannabis smokers. The deep-rooted beliefs are proving that smoking won’t be easily replaced by edibles any time soon. Indeed, smoking brings about a lot of unnecessary attention, especially due to the pungent smell that fills the air after someone smokes a joint.

When it comes to edibles, individuals have numerous options. You can have them as sweets, cakes, cookies, butter, drinks, chocolates, and more. Accordingly, you can check out some of the most popular THC edibles available by taking a look at ed n bills weed edibles on the Canada Cannabis Dispensary website. Above all, there are so many different types of cannabis infused edibles out there that all contain different strengths of THC and CBD and so comparing your options can help you to find the right products for your needs. That is not all though.

With edibles, one can maintain a subtle presence since they can carry them anywhere they wish without people raising eyebrows. This is a definite advantage that edibles might have over regular CBD joints. Imagine your boss never finding out that you consume CBD-infused cookies compared to the situation that would arise if you decided to carry pre-rolls to the office. How cool is that?

Manage the volumes
With CBD edibles, they are offered at subsidized quantities of CBD. You may want one with a high percentage or one with low CBD. This all depends on the effect you are going for when at the local marijuana shop. There are some shops in Australia that serve CBD edibles according to the customers’ needs.

Relax and unwind
Some people don’t want to feel too ‘high’ but want to relax and unwind without having to smoke. CBD edibles offer an alternative to maximizing this trait. You do not have to endure the feeling of being high if you do not like it. That being said, if you were looking for a mild ‘high’, you may wish to consider some of the most potent edibles that contain a mild dose of the psychoactive THC, which can produce a slight ‘high’ feeling. The choice is totally up to you.

We can see that the advantages of cannabidiol oil outweigh the disadvantages. It is important to note that preferences are all relative according to an individual’s taste. Therefore, be sure to look out for something that suits you when you visit a cannabis clinic. Imagine a world where marijuana is globally decriminalized and used to improve human life. Only time will tell!

Many folks are now using wood-fired heaters for warming their homes during this winter. Here’s a simple guide to assist you in starting and maintaining your wood heater.

Quick Tips for Wood Heaters

Wood fire

Learning how to operate wood-fired heaters correctly helps you to achieve efficient and clean wood heating. Incorrect usage will produce low heat and cause air pollution. Here are some quick tips before you start using a heater:
⦁ Use an appropriately sized heater. If you buy a larger heater than the area you have to heat, you’ll have to turn it down regularly, which leads to smoke pollution and lower efficiency.
⦁ Avoid overloading your heater as it only wastes fuel while preventing efficient combustion.
⦁ Clean the flue or chimney before every winter to remove creosote build-up.
⦁ Never burn unseasoned wood, plastics or wood that has been painted or chemically treated
⦁ Check that your chimney is not producing excessive smoke, as it means that you’re wasting heat and fuel while contributing to unnecessary smoke pollution.

Starting Wood Heaters
The primary ingredients for successfully starting wood heaters Sydney are fuel, heat, and oxygen. The fuel here is the wood, while oxygen is the air supply and the preliminary heat source can be kindling wood, firelighters or even burning some paper.
Start with smaller pieces of firewood and gradually add the larger pieces after you establish a fire bed. It ensures that the coals have adequate heat to quickly bring larger pieces to their combustion temperatures and keep the fire going.

Tips for Efficient Burning When Using Wood Heaters
⦁ Ensure you are using dry and seasoned wood
⦁ Start the fire with adequate kindling to quickly get a fire going
⦁ Add smaller pieces of split wood to maintain the fire
⦁ Run wood heaters with the air vent open for high burning for at least 30 minutes
⦁ Provide enough aeration between your wood logs by not filling up the heater with wood
⦁ If your fire dies down to a couple of coals, start by rekindling it with the smaller pieces before finally adding the bigger pieces

Maintaining the Fire and Keeping It Running Efficiently
The best strategy for using wood-fired heaters is building small fires and providing an adequate supply of air, instead of creating massive fires and partly closing the central air intake. It will help you prevent smouldering, which burns inefficiently and provides significantly less heat.
Smouldering causes air pollution, and it can quickly upset your neighbours. Also, it allows cinders, partly burnt wood or coal, to accumulate in your chimney, which may lead to chimney fires.
Each time you want to add more wood, first open the heater’s air intake before adding the appropriately sized timber. Remember to rekindle the fire if it has burned down completely.
After roughly 10 to 20 minutes when the fire is scorching and burning the wood properly, you can reduce the heater’s air intake for a more comfortable fire.
Maintaining a steady or moderate fire will give you excellent results with regards to providing the warmth you want.

Australia’s air quality is typically excellent, but it does get some significant smoke pollution in winter due to the inefficient use of wood-fired heaters. Therefore, learning ways of correctly starting and maintaining wood heaters is essential to guarantee efficient heat production, minimize smoke pollution, and prevent conflicts between neighbours. Always remember to practice safety first!

3 actors

So much about whether a performer achieves success in the entertainment world can be down to luck and, in the case of actors; one part can lead to lasting fame while another can wreck his or her career. This is a look at some of the roles that brought an actor success and some that they regretted taking on.

Rupert Grint – Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone

English actor Rupert Grint had been in a few movies before he was cast in the Harry Potter series – remember Thunderpants anyone? However starring as Ron Weasley in the globally successful Potter franchise was what made him a household name, although he has struggled to build on that since it ended. That isn’t uncommon though, as a close look at what has happened to exchild stars shows.

Taylor Kitsch – John Carter

Everything seemed to be going according to plan for Taylor Kitsch as he moved from the cult comedy show Friday Night Lights to his first big Hollywood role in 2012 movie John Carter. The film was hyped as one of the big summer releases and Kitsch as a new star, but it bombed at the box office and cost Disney $200 million. His film career has never recovered from it.

Anne Hathaway – The Princess Diaries

Like Taylor Kitsch, Anne Hathaway graduated from a television series – in her case it was the long-forgotten Get Real – to a Hollywood movie. Things
worked out differently for the actress though, as her starring role in 2001’s The Princess Diaries turned her into one of those who achieve lastingstardom with a single part . 18 years on and she is one of the highest paid actresses in the world.

Mike Myers – The Love Guru

With hit roles in movies such as Wayne’s World, the Austin Powers series and Shrek, Mike Myers was one of the biggest comedy stars in Hollywood when he released the Love Guru in 2008. Unfortunately that film was panned by critics and audiences agreed with them, making it a serious box office flop. Myers hasn’t had another starring role on screen in the decade since it came out.

Robert Downey Jr – Iron Man

Robert Downey Jr had a successful career as a character actor during the 1980s and early 1990s but by the end of the 90s his problems with heroin had wrecked things for him. After his release from prison in 2001 he started to rebuild his career, but nobody could have predicted just what an impact his role as Tony Stark in the 2008 movie Iron Man would have. That film pretty much launched the Marvel Cinematic Universe and transformed the fortunes of the actor by making him one of leading men in the biggest movie franchise in the world.

As this proves, the line between success and failure for actors is a fine one indeed and so much can depend on how audiences and critics respond to a single role.


Being economical with your energy usage isn’t just about acting responsibly. It’s also about cutting down on your monthly bills. Ask any Australian and they’ll tell you that power bills are some of their biggest spendings every month, more so during winter. And why is this happening? We either use more than we need or our homes are just not energy-efficient.

Cutting down on energy usage covers everything from installing energy-efficient equipment to using just enough for our needs. At every stage, you have many options to choose from. Whether wood or gas heaters, ensure efficiency is part of your priority factors. Should you go shopping and fail to consider efficiency, your energy consumption may just be your biggest headache at the end of every month.

That said, let’s see the options you have to reduce your spending on energy bills.

  1. Buy energy-efficient Home Heating Equipment

One of the most important decisions for an energy-efficient home is an energy-efficient heater, whether wood or gas heater. Efficiency should define all your home gadgets, including BBQs and wood stoves if any. By making the right choice, you’ll cut down on fuel consumption, resulting in lower energy bills.

  1. Regular Maintenance of Your Home Heating Equipment

On matters of energy efficiency, you cannot run away from proper and regular maintenance. How often do you check your home heating equipment? If you don’t check on it regularly, you’re likely to use way more energy than you’re supposed to. There is so much information about how to maintain your gas heaters. If they’re things you can handle on your own, go ahead. Otherwise, just contact a professional gas repairer to help you with the task. There are many companies (such as that can help with everything from installation to maintenance. By ensuring you are working with the right repair company, you can be confident that your heating system is working efficiently.

  1. Contain the Heat On the Inside

One mistake that many people make is generating heat then let it all waste away. We all know just how expensive it is to keep it warm outside. This is understandable because there is nothing much you can do when not in an enclosed space.

However, when heating inside the house, as much energy as possible of what your home heating equipment produces should be contained inside the room for maximum benefits. Once the home heating process begins, close the curtains and focus on the room that needs to be warm. Close the rest of the rooms that aren’t being heated, including their windows and doors. This is to ensure that you don’t waste energy heating rooms that aren’t occupied.

  1. Check Your Heater’s Temperature Settings

During the winter, you may be tempted to push up the thermostat settings as high as you possibly can. Nevertheless, if you keep it within 18oC to 20oC, you’re good to go. Anything beyond that is likely to result in a significant increase in your energy consumption and, therefore, higher energy bills.

  1. Shop for Affordable Suppliers

In case you’re using a gas heater and your home isn’t already connected to a natural gas source, you may want to consider using propane from a private company. There are many companies offering gas suppliers at affordable prices. Shop around for the most affordable, ensuring, however, that the company is of great repute. The same is true if you’re using wood heaters.

  1. Change Your Home Heater

One of the biggest challenges many people face is moving into a home and finding an energy inefficient heating system already installed. While having the installation in place is a good thing, the long term cost involved might not make economic sense. If you find yourself in such a scenario, consider upgrading your home heating system with a new, energy-efficient alternative.

Even as you seek efficiency, be conscious about your home design and general aesthetics. Whether you’re just repairing your existing gas heating system or buying a new one, good and welcoming looks for your home should be held high.

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